Agmashenebeli avenue FREE WALKING TOUR - TBILISI HACK
May 31, 2020

Agmashenebeli avenue

 Agmashenebeli avenue Georgia Free Walking Tour Tbilisi
Agmashenebeli avenue Georgia Free Walking Tour Tbilisi

Agmashenebeli avenue-a street in Tbilisi, in the Chugureti district, from Saarbrüken square to Tsabadze street. One of the main streets of the city.

The original name was Mikhailovsky Prospekt (1851). Avalski laid parallel to the old road, which went from Avlabari gate. The 1735 plan of Tsarevich Vakhushti [1] shows the village of Akhalsopeli at the beginning of the modern Avenue, the 1800 plan shows the village of Kukiya with a Church, the territory was surrounded by fortress walls, and a large private garden was located around it.

In 1818, the settlement of Alexanderdorf (named after the reigning Russian monarch) of württemberg German colonists, mainly engaged in agriculture, plowed the area for gardens and vegetable gardens, and even conducted an irrigation canal.

In 1853, the territory became part of the city limits.

After the construction of the veriysky bridge (1883), both sides of the street formed here began to be intensively built up in the spirit of the eclectic style that prevailed in those years. The once extensive gardens have now been preserved only in fragments (the summer garden of the Philharmonic society, the garden of the Gorky club (rose garden), the Mushtaidi Park) and as landscaping of courtyards.

In 1883, the Conca connected the Avenue with the railway station.

In 1918, it was renamed Plekhanov Avenue in honor of the Russian revolutionary movement leader G. V. Plekhanov who died that year.

In 1925, the Avenue was extended (punched) Vokzalnaya street.

In the first half of the 1930s, the Dynamo stadium was built at the end of the Avenue for 30,000 spectators (architect A. Kurdiani, with the participation of N. Grinevsky).

In the 1940s, the Church of Peter and Paul was demolished (architect L. Bilfeld). In place of the demolished buildings, Marjanishvili square was organized, three L-shaped houses were built around the perimeter of the square (architect M. S. Melia), two of which were residential (1948, Stalin prize of the III degree for 1950), and the third was occupied by the Institute of Tbilgorproekt (1956).

The reconstruction of the old Veria bridge in 1953 (the Stalin bridge, architect M. Melia, engineer G. Chomakhidze) revived transport links between the left-Bank and right-Bank districts of the city.

In 1954, a monument to M. Gorky (sculptors B. Avalishvili and I. Okropiridze) was erected in Gorky Park adjacent to the Avenue.

On January 11, 1966, the Marjanishvili metro station was opened.

The modern name was given in honor of the king of Georgia, David IV the Builder (Agmashenebeli). November 23, 2011-on the day of the Orthodox holiday “Giorgoba” and in honor of the 8th anniversary of the “rose Revolution”, a Grand opening of the restored part of the Avenue was held.

Attractions:

D. 27 — a former apartment house Was (by the architect K. A. Sargsyan)[4]

36-former home of E. Chavchanidze

d. 38-former Colchis cinema

d. 52-memorial plaque to Leo Tolstoy (stayed here in November 1851) [5]

58-Mikhailovskaya hospital (on July 14, 1922, a prominent revolutionary Kamo died in the hospital after being hit by a car on the nearby Veriysky descent)

“Rose Park” (1892, architect L. Bildfeld, in Soviet times-Maxim Gorky Park)

d. 59-residential building (1950, architect I. Chkhenkeli)

d. 83/23-Vakhtang Chabukiani Museum

99-Russian state theater of young audience named after Nodara Dumbadze

103-former hotel “Wetzel” (1911, architect L. Bildfeld, in Soviet times – hotel “Rustavi”, puppet theater)

d. 115-former Salzman house

d. 123-former house of culture of railway workers (1950, architect G. Ter-Mikelov)

d. 125 — State center of music of Georgia, in Soviet times — Philharmonic of Georgia

127-Amirani cinema in Soviet times

d. 128-former Qajar house (1893, architect P. stern)

d. 135 – cinema ” Apollo “(cargo.)Russian. (1909), in Soviet times – ” October»

138-apartment house of merchant Melik-Dadayan (architect G. Ter-Mikelov)

d. 148-former cadet corps

150-former Tbilisi geophysical Observatory, in 1899-1901 lived and worked I. V. Stalin

d. 157-Georgian-Russian public center, mosaic on the wall with the image of David Agmashenebeli

164-Georgia-film Studio (1927-1930, architect M. Buz-ogly)

d. 182-Georgian musical Comedy theater named after V. Abashidze

Mushtaidi Park»